Continuously updated with my studies of figures of speech.
The Wikipedia list is very good, see links below.
The quote below from Wikipedia really explains what these are:
A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase that entails an intentional deviation from ordinary language use in order to produce a rhetorical effect.
Figures of speech in “classical western rhetoric” come in two types:
- schemes: changes in the structure/pattern of usage
- tropes: changes in the general meaning
Using a word that everyone (the audience) is thinking about before it is uttered/encountered.