Toxins produced while we are awake accumulate during the day. Sleep is our rescue.
Active strategies win over passive ones. Everything that leads to retrieval of information is effective:
- explanation generation
- inerleaved practise
- paced/interval learning
- self testing
- Feynman technique
- reflecting on what you read
These are more cognitively challenging than other passive methods and thus more tiresome.
Input - Memorisation
Memory palaces, hands down.
This is the best way to get stuff from the outside world and into your long term memory.